We had a really interesting case around land ownership data in Ukraine that I wanted to flag more prominently here. In this case only Ukrainian citizens can access land ownership data.
What do others think? Is this form of publication a legitimate way to publish open data? It discriminates against some user groups (non-citizens), so we could take a hard stance and say it is definitely not open. The International Open Data Charter for example remains a bit vague that open data should be accessible to the widest range of users. Are non-citizens part of this?
We could also take a softer stance and say that generally it can be considered open. But there is the point to make, that in any case a registration or authentication is required, which limits the openness of the data (it is access-controlled).
It would be interesting to hear other people’s thoughts on this topic. It is also interesting in the context of “data nationalism” and the political economy of open data.